The Canada Human Rights Code prohibits the propagation of telephonic hate messages that discriminate against individuals and groups. In 1979, the Canada Human Rights Tribunal ruled that the telephone messages denigrating individuals of Jewish origin propagated by John Ross Taylor violated the Human Rights Code. Taylor argued that he was entitled to freedom of expression.
When the case was heard before the Supreme Court in 1990, the Charter had come into effect. LEAF argued that prohibitions against hate messages are consistent with the equality sections of the Charter in that women and other disadvantaged groups were entitled to freedom from hateful propagation.
In 1990, the Supreme Court ruled that there were limits to freedom of expression and confirmed that the prohibition of hate propaganda was consistent with the Charter.