Written by: Sally A. Kimpson
The purpose of this report is to inform current thinking about the potential of a basic income program to contribute to the full and effective participation and inclusion in society of disabled women and gender-diverse disabled people.
The research for this report focused on four topics:
- The substantive inequality of disabled women and gender-diverse disabled people, and how poverty contributes to that inequality in multiple domains of everyday life;
- Current disability income support programs in Canada, including particular effects in disabled women and gender-diverse disabled people’s lives;
- Basic income and its potential to reduce or eradicate the effects of poverty and the negative effects of existing income support programs; and
- A Canada Disability Benefit (CDB) program, described ideally, and comparing it with a basic income program.
It is LEAF’s position that any basic income program for disabled women and gender-diverse disabled people must:
- Be provided to all disabled people who meet the Accessible Canada Act definition of disability;
- Either ensure that the cost of both specific and general extraordinary disability-related supports and services are covered, or be generous enough to enable disabled people to purchase these on their own;
- Be portable across provinces and territories; and,
- Set allowable earnings exemptions at a generous level, with minimal clawbacks of earned income above maximum allowable earnings.
Further, neither a CDB nor a basic income should be subject to any offset or clawback of Canada Pension Plan-Disability benefits, and the Disability Tax Credit should be made fully refundable.
As between a Canada Disability Benefit or a basic income program, LEAF advocates for whichever program meets the above criteria. Without these elements in place, LEAF does not support implementation of either program.Basic-Income-Disability-Executive-Summary-Recommendations-Final