LEAF and Avalon Sexual Assault Centre seek leave to intervene in R v Al-Rawi

Today, the Women’s Legal Education and Action Fund (LEAF) and Avalon Sexual Assault Centre (Avalon) filed a motion for leave to intervene before the Nova Scotia Court of Appeal in R v Al-Rawi.

This case is an appeal by the Crown from the March 1, 2017, acquittal of Bassam Al-Rawi, a Halifax taxi driver who was charged with sexually assaulting a female passenger in his taxi on May 23, 2015.

This appeal raises legal issues of public importance that have the potential to significantly affect the law of sexual assault in Canada. If granted leave to intervene, LEAF and Avalon will provide a substantive equality analysis on the issues before the Court.

The Decision under Appeal

Following a trial in Nova Scotia Provincial Court, Judge Gregory Lenehan acquitted Mr. Al-Rawi of the charge of sexual assault, citing the Crown’s failure to prove the complainant’s lack of consent to sexual contact. The complainant has no recollection of the events due to her level of intoxication. In his oral reasons, Judge Lenehan stated:

A person would be incapable of giving consent if she is unconscious, or is so intoxicated by alcohol or drugs as to be incapable of understanding or perceiving the situation that presents itself. This does not mean, however, that an intoxicated person cannot give consent to sexual activity. Clearly, a drunk can consent.

An unofficial transcript of Judge Lenehan’s decision is available here.

LEAF and Avalon’s Proposed Contribution through an Intervention

If granted leave to intervene, LEAF and Avalon will advance arguments on the meaning of consent in law and its application in the context of an intoxicated complainant. They will also highlight the ways in which discriminatory myths and stereotypes about women, including intoxicated women, have affected judicial decision-making in this area.

LEAF and Avalon believe that their expertise and unique perspective can assist the Court in its hearing of this appeal. LEAF has decades of experience in promoting and protecting women’s substantive equality rights, particularly in the context of laws governing sexual assault. Avalon directly serves individuals who have experienced sexualized violence in Nova Scotia, and has advocated in the areas of sexual assault law and law reform in Nova Scotia since 1983. You can read the Notice of Motion filed in support of the motion for leave to intervene here.

LEAF and Avalon are grateful to counsel Nasha Nijhawan and Kelly McMillan of Nijhawan McMillan Barristers for their pro bono representation in this case.

About Women’s Legal Education and Action Fund (LEAF)
Since April 17, 1985, when equality rights were enshrined in sections 15 and 28 of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, LEAF has used litigation, law reform and public education to work toward equality for women and girls. LEAF intervenes in key cases to ensure that when courts interpret equality rights, there will be a systemic improvement in women’s lives. For more information about LEAF, visit

About Avalon Sexual Assault Centre

Avalon Sexual Assault Centre is a feminist organization in Halifax, Nova Scotia, which provides services for those affected by sexualized violence.  Avalon’s primary emphasis is on support, education, counselling and leadership and advocacy services for women and trans/non gender binary people. Avalon offers individual therapeutic counselling and group program services for women and trans/non gender binary individuals age 16 and older, community education, public awareness, legal and professional training targeting the prevention of sexualized violence and intervention and support of victims/survivors. Avalon also operates the Avalon Sexual Nurse Examiner Program which provides immediate response to sexual assault victims of all ages and genders requiring medical care and the collection of forensic evidence. For more information about Avalon Sexual Assault Centre, please visit

For Media Inquiries:

Dr. Kim Stanton, Legal Director
Women’s Legal Education and Action Fund (LEAF)
[email protected]